Butterflies in Nigeria

Our association Exploratory Ecology joined the project of entomologist Ekpah Ojonugwa of Nigerian Conservation Foundation to study butterflies in two protected forests.

This project called ExplorCollect in Nigeria has three objectives:

Objectif 1 : Species inventory

The objective of this research is to increase knowledge on inventory of lepidopteran species in Nigeria. The species inventory will make it possible to identify and perhaps discover new species.

Cross River National Park

From January 21 to 25, 2020, first butterfly inventory was conducted in Cross River National Park in Nigeria. A total of 35 butterfly specimens were collected, including 29 species of butterflies and 1 species of moth. The species collected are listed below.

Entomologist Ekpah Ojonugwa in Cross River National Park
Acraea peneleos © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Acraea polis © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Alytarchia amanda © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Amauris niavus © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Belenois theora © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Bicyclus dorothea © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Catuna crithea © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Catuna crithea © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Charaxes etheocles © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Cymothoe beckeri © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Danaus chrysippus falcippus © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Elymniopsis bammakoo © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Euphaedra fucora © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Euptera elebontas © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Eurema hecabe © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Euriphene tadema female © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Euriphene tadema male © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Graphium policenes © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Junonia oenone © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Junonia terea female © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Junonia terea © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Lolaus sp. © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Melanitis leda © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Mylothris chloris © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Mylothris schumanni © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Palla decius © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Phalanta eurytis © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Precis octavia © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Precis pelarga © Ekpah Ojonugwa
Sevenia occidentalium © Ekpah Ojonugwa

Objectif 2 : Species monitoring

The butterflies monitoring will compare diversity between two forests with different microclimates, establish a reference of populations in these sites and monitor the impact of climate change over the long term.

Objectif 3 : Conservation action

The nectariferous plants favored by butterflies will be identified. This knowledge would help butterfly farms whose objective is the conservation of species and raising public awareness of the protection of these species.

© Ekpah Ojonugwa